It is uncertain what causes prostate cancer, but there are risk factors that are linked to the disease including:
- Age - The chance of developing prostate cancer increases with age.
- Race - African-American men are at greater risk than caucasion men and are twice as likely to die of the disease.
- Nationality - Prostate cancer is most common in North America and northwestern Europe and less common in Asia, Africa, Central America and South America.
- Diet - Men whose diets include high-fat dairy and red meat have a greater risk for developing prostate cancer.
- Exercise - Getting enough exercise and maintaining a healthy weight may help reduce risks.
- Family History - Men with a father and/or brother who have had prostate cancer are at a higher risk for developing it.
Prostate cancer might be prevented by maintaining a healthy diet. The American Cancer Society recommends a diet low in red meats (especially those high in fat) and high in vegetables, fruits, and grains.
Some studies suggest that taking 50 milligrams of vitamin E daily can lower the risk of prostate cancer.
Men also should have:
- Yearly digital rectal exam beginning at age 50, 45 if at high risk
- Annual PSA blood test beginning at age 50, 45 if at high risk
Signs and Symptoms
Common symptoms of prostate cancer include:
- Urinary frequency
- Difficulty with urination
- Pelvic pain
For more information on prostate cancer prevention, contact the Norton Cancer Institute Prevention & Early Detection Program at 1-800-555-6772 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. A health care professional will research and respond to your question within 48-hours. Exceptions may include weekends and holidays.