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Schizophrenia - disorganized type

Definition

Disorganized schizophrenia is a type of schizophrenia in which behavior is disturbed and has no purpose.

Alternative Names

Hebephrenic schizophrenia; Disorganized schizophrenia

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

The cause is unknown. This type of schizophrenia usually begins before age 25.

Symptoms

  • Active behavior, but in an aimless and not constructive way
  • Bizarre and inappropriate emotional responses (laughter)
  • Difficulty feeling pleasure
  • False, fixed beliefs (delusions)
  • Grimacing
  • Lack of motivation
  • Seeing or hearing things that aren't there (hallucinations)
  • Strange or silly behavior
  • Speech that makes no sense

Some of these symptoms are also seen in other types of schizophrenia. The main difference is that in disorganized schizophrenia, there is a lot of strange, aimless behavior and often speech that does not make sense.

References

Freudenreich O, Weiss AP, Goff DC. Psychosis and schizophrenia. In: Stern TA, Rosenbaum JF, Fava M, Biederman J, Rauch SL, eds. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Mosby Elsevier;2008:chap 28.


Review Date: 3/7/2012
Reviewed By: Fred K. Berger, MD, Addiction and Forensic Psychiatrist, Scripps Memorial Hospital, La Jolla, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
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