Have you ever had surgery on your testicles or in the area?
Were you born with both testicles in the scrotum?
Tests and treatments depend on the results of the physical exam.
Starting in puberty, men at risk for testicular cancer may be taught to examine their testicles on a regular basis. This includes men with:
A family history of testicular cancer
A past tumor of the testicle
An undescended testicle, even if the testicle on the other side has descended
If you have a lump in your testicle, tell your health care provider immediately. A lump on the testicle may be the first sign of testicular cancer. Many men with testicular cancer have been mistakenly given another diagnosis, so return to your health care provider if you have a persistent testicular lump.
U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for Testicular Cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force reaffirmation recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2011;154:483-486.
Stephenson AJ. Gilligan TD. Neoplasms of the testis. In:Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 31.
Barthold JS. Abnormalities of the testes and scrotum and their surgical management. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 132.
Elder JS. Disorders and anomalies of the scrotal contents.In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 539.
Linda J. Vorvick, MD, Medical Director and Director of Didactic Curriculum, MEDEX Northwest Division of Physician Assistant Studies, Department of Family Medicine, UW Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Washington. Louis S. Liou, MD, PhD, Chief of Urology, Cambridge Health Alliance, Visiting Assistant Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.