Cystoscopy is used to view the inside of the bladder. The scope is passed through the opening of the urethra.
Laparoscopy is used to look directly at the ovaries, appendix, or other abdominal organs.
It is inserted through small surgical cuts in the pelvic or belly area.
Tumors or organs in the abdomen or pelvis can be removed.
Arthroscopy is used to look directly in the joints.
It is inserted through small surgical cuts around the joint.
Problems with bones, tendons, ligaments can be treated.
How to Prepare for the Test
The preparation for the test varies greatly, depending on the test. For example, there is no preparation needed for anoscopy, whereas a special diet and laxatives are needed to prepare for a colonoscopy. Check with your doctor about what preparation is required for your test.
How the Test will Feel
All of these tests cause discomfort or pain. Some of them are done after sedatives and pain medications are given. Check with your doctor about what to expect.
Kraft M. Approach to the patient with respiratory disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 83.
David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.