Decrease (-) Restore Default Increase (+)
Bookmark and Share

Health Library

Back to MainBack to Main   Print This Page Print    Email to a Friend Email
 

After chemotherapy - discharge

What to Expect at Home

You had chemotherapy treatment for your cancer. Your risk for infections, bleeding, and skin problems may be high. You may still have mouth sores, upset stomach, and diarrhea.

You will probably get tired easily, and your appetite will be poor. You should be able to drink and eat food.

Oral Care

Brush your teeth and gums 2 to 3 times a day for 2 to 3 minutes each time. Use a toothbrush with soft bristles.

  • Let your toothbrush air dry between brushings.
  • Use a toothpaste with fluoride.

Floss gently one time a day.

Rinse your mouth 4 times a day with salt and baking soda solution (mix one half teaspoon of salt and one half teaspoon of baking soda in 8 ounces or 1 cup of water).

Do not use mouth rinses with alcohol in them. Use your regular lip care products to keep your lips from drying and cracking. Tell your doctor if you develop new mouth sores or mouth pain.

Chew sugarless gum or suck on sugar-free popsicles or hard candies. Do not eat foods and drinks with a lot of sugar.

Take care of your dentures, braces, or other dental products.

If you wear dentures, put them in only when you eat. Do this for the first 3 to 4 weeks after your transplant.

Preventing Infections

You need to be careful not to get infections.

Practice safe eating and safe drinking during cancer treatment.

  • Be careful what you eat. Do not eat or drink anything that may be undercooked or spoiled.
  • Make sure your water is safe.
  • Know how to cook and store foods safely.
  • Be careful when you eat out. Do not eat raw vegetables, meat, or fish, or anything else that may be unsafe.

Wash your hands with soap and water:

  • After being outdoors
  • After touching bodily fluids, such as mucus or blood
  • After changing a diaper
  • Before handling food
  • After using the telephone
  • After doing housework
  • After going to the bathroom

Keep your house clean. Stay away from crowds. Ask visitors who have a cold to wear a mask or not to visit. Do not do yard work or handle flowers and plants.

Be careful with pets and animals.

  • If you have a cat, keep it inside.
  • Have someone else change the litter box every day.
  • Do not play rough with cats. Scratches and bites can get infected.
  • Stay away from puppies, kittens, and other very young animals.

Ask your doctor what vaccines you may need and when to get them.

Self-care

  • Know how to care for your central venous line or PICC line.
  • If your doctor or nurse tells you your platelet count is still low, learn how to prevent bleeding during cancer treatment.
  • Start to walk. Slowly increase how far you go based on how much energy you have.
  • You need to eat enough protein and calories to keep your weight up.
  • Ask your doctor about liquid food supplements. These can help you get enough calories and nutrition.
  • Be careful about being in the sun. Wear a hat with a wide brim. Use sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher on any areas of exposed skin.
  • Do not smoke.

Follow-up

You will need close follow-up care with your cancer doctor and nurse.

When to Call the Doctor

Call your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Signs of infection, such as a fever, chills, or sweats
  • Diarrhea that does not go away or is bloody
  • Severe nausea and vomiting
  • Being unable to eat or drink
  • Extreme weakness
  • Redness, swelling, or drainage from any place where you have an IV line inserted into your body
  • New skin rashes or blisters
  • Jaundice (the white part of your eyes or skin looks yellow)
  • Pain in your stomach area
  • A very bad headache or one that does not go away
  • A cough that is getting worse
  • Trouble breathing when you are at rest or when you are doing simple tasks
  • Burning when you urinate

References

National Cancer Institute. Chemotherapy and you: support for people who have cancer http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/chemotherapy-and-you.pdf. Accessed May 11 , 2012.

Perry MC. Approach to the patient with cancer. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 182.


Review Date: 6/5/2012
Reviewed By: Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
adam.com
 

Medical Care

Cancer
Pregnancy & Prenatal Classes
Weight Loss
Orthopedics
Heart Disease
Neurology
Women's Health
More Medical Care

Locations

Hospitals
Immediate Care
Health Centers
Emergency Room
Doctors Offices
Specialists
Affiliate Hospitals

Patients and Visitors

MyChart
Pay Your Bill
Request an Appointment
Get Healthy
Support Groups
Fitness Groups
Mobile Applications
Clinical Trials
Online Nursery
Classes and Events
Send an eCard
Patient Stories
Places to Stay
Say Thanks

About Us

Quality Report 
Careers
Ways to Help
Community Outreach
Contact Us
(502) 629-1234

Connect with us

© 2014 Norton Healthcare
Serving Kentucky and Southern Indiana