A parathyroid adenoma is a noncancerous (benign) tumor of the parathyroid glands, which are located in the neck.
Causes, incidence, and risk factors
The parathyroid glands in the neck help control calcium use and removal by the body. They do this by producing parathyroid hormone, or PTH. PTH helps control calcium, phosphorus, and vitamin D levels in the blood and bone.
Parathyroid adenomas can be due to a genetic problem. Parathyroid adenomas are the most common cause of hyperparathyroidism (overactive parathyroid glands), which leads to increased blood calcium levels.
Women over age 60 have the highest risk for developing this condition. Radiation to your head or neck also increases your risk.
Many people have no symptoms. The condition is often discovered accidentally when blood tests are done for another medical reason.
Shehzad Topiwala, MD, Chief Consultant Endocrinologist, Premier Medical Associates, The Villages, FL. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.