Decrease (-) Restore Default Increase (+)
Bookmark and Share
clear spacerDiabetes & Endocrine

Detection and Treatment

Norton Healthcare offers a variety of programs designed to diagnose, treat and control diabetes and other endocrine problems in adults and children. Although there is no cure for diabetes, treatment involves medication, diet and exercise to manage diabetes and prevent symptoms and complications.

Exams and Tests for Diabetes

  • Urine analysis- may be used to look for glucose and ketones from the breakdown of fat. However, a urine test alone does not diagnose diabetes.
  • Treatment for diabetes in pregnancy

The following blood glucose tests are used to diagnose diabetes:

  • Fasting blood glucose level - diabetes is diagnosed if higher than 126 mg/dL on two occasions. Levels between 100 and 126 mg/dl are referred to as impaired fasting glucose or pre-diabetes. These levels are considered to be risk factors for type 2 diabetes and its complications.
  • Random (non-fasting) blood glucose level - diabetes is suspected if higher than 200 mg/dL and accompanied by the classic symptoms of increased thirst, urination, and fatigue. (This test must be confirmed with a fasting blood glucose test.)
  • Oral glucose tolerance test - diabetes is diagnosed if glucose level is higher than 200 mg/dL after 2 hours (This test is used more for type 2 diabetes.)
  • Hemoglobin A1c - ask your doctor how often you need your hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) level checked. The HbA1c is a measure of average blood glucose during the previous 2 to 3 months. It is a very helpful way to determine how well treatment is working.
  • Ketone testing - another test that is used in type 1 diabetes. Ketones are produced by the breakdown of fat and muscle, and they are harmful at high levels. The ketone test is done using a urine sample. High levels of blood ketones may result in a serious condition called ketoacidosis.

Ketone testing is usually done at the following times:

  • When the blood sugar is higher than 240 mg/dL
  • During acute illness (for example, pneumonia, heart attack, or stroke)
  • When nausea or vomiting occur
  • During pregnancy

Norton Diabetes Center

The Norton Diabetes Center helps to coordinate diabetes education and management efforts at all area Norton Hospitals including:

  • Conducting Type 2 diabetes classes
  • Offering education on and management of gestational diabetes
  • Offering nutritional counseling which may include individual appointments with dieticians

Endocrine Services for Children

The Pediatric Endocrinology Service at Kosair Children's Hospital provides diagnostic and therapeutic programs for children with a number of endocrine disorders including:

  • Diabetes
  • Mellitus
  • Metabolic disease
  • Disorders of physical growth
  • Sexual maturation
  • Thyroid function
  • Adrenal function
  • Pituitary function
  • Calcium and Phosphorous metabolism

Diabetes-Related Links

For more information, to schedule an appointment for a diabetes class or to see a dietitian, call (502) 629-2604.

Related Information
Diabetes & Endocrine
Related Doctors

Medical Care

Pregnancy & Prenatal Classes
Weight Loss
Heart Disease
Women's Health
More Medical Care


Immediate Care
Health Centers
Emergency Room
Doctors Offices
Affiliate Hospitals

Patients and Visitors

Pay Your Bill
Request an Appointment
Get Healthy
Support Groups
Fitness Groups
Mobile Applications
Clinical Trials
Online Nursery
Classes and Events
Send an eCard
Patient Stories
Patient and Family Advisory Council
Places to Stay
Say Thanks
Risk Assessments

About Us

Quality Report 
Ways to Help
Community Outreach
Contact Us
(502) 629-1234

Connect with us

© 2015 Norton Healthcare
Serving Kentucky and Southern Indiana