Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterine cancer. Although the exact cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, increased levels of estrogen appear to play a role. Estrogen helps stimulate the buildup of the lining ofthe uterus. Studies have shown that high levels of estrogen in animals results in excessive endometrial growth and cancer.
Most cases of endometrial cancer occur between the ages of 60 and 70 years, but a few cases may occur before age 40.
According to the American Cancer Society, the following groups have an increased risk of developing ovarian cancer:
- Women who have had radiation treatment in the pelvic region
- African-American women are at a higher risk for leiomyosarcoma-, a specific type of uterine cancer
- Women older than 50
- Women who are obese
- Women who have had estrogen replacement therapy
- Women who have taken Tamoxifen
- Women who are infertile
- Who have diabetes
- Women who began menstruating earlier than age 12 or started menopause before age 40 are at a higher risk for endometrial cancer - a type of uterine cancer
The best way to prevent ovarian cancer is to have yearly pelvic exams and an endometrial biopsy if you are at high risk for developing the disease.
Signs and Symptoms
The most common symptoms of uterine cancer are:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding, spotting or other discharge
- Pelvic pain
- Weight loss
For more information on uterine cancer prevention, contact the Norton Cancer Institute Prevention & Early Detection Program at 1-800-555-6772 or (502) 629-5500 or email firstname.lastname@example.org. A health care professional will research and respond to your question within 48-hours. Exceptions may include weekends and holidays.